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                                                                                                                                                              27 Oak Tree Avenue,
8 July 1989

Dear Mary,

As you can see, we have just moved into our new house. In fact, we took up residence three days ago. We received your letter last week at our old address in High Street but I haven't had time to answer it until now.
Have you ever moved house? As you can imagine, George and I have been working hard putting the house in order and the children have been having a wonderful time for the past three days, playing hide-and-seek all over the house and getting under the furniture and behind the packing cases. Although we haven't had a moment's rest since we moved in, it has been an exciting time for us all. We have always wanted to live here on the outskirts of the town, only a stone’s throw from open country, and when we saw that this house was for sale, we jumped at the chance and put down a deposit on it straightaway.
George has finished decorating all the rooms except the kitchen. For some reason that he didn't explain to me, he put off painting it until last so we have had to live out of tins because I haven't been able to cook proper meals. However, experience has taught me not to argue with him about such matters.
Several years ago, soon after we were married, George put up a ladder against the outside of the house. I was supposed to hold it steady while he painted the window frames upstairs, but I heard the telephone ringing and let go of the ladder. George slid to the ground. The wet paint brush went up his nose and the tin of paint fell on his head. He has never forgotten the incident or let me forget it.
He must have finished painting the kitchen by now. I wonder if he has been experimenting with something new. Regards from us all. Our best wishes to David. We look forward to hearing from you.
Affectionately, Anne

P.S. I have just come back from the kitchen. When I went in, I had the shock of my life. I thought George was covered in blood. He has painted the walls bright red but spilled half the paint over himself. Still, I have learnt to put up with George so I suppose I'll learn to put up with his idea of a kitchen.


Choose which one of the following statements is correct in the context of the passage.

1) Mary knows that Anne has moved into a new house because:

a) she has been there
b) the new address appears at the top of the letter
c) she wrote to Anne at the new address.

2) George and Anne:

a) preferred living in the centre of town
b) wanted to move to the country
c) have always wanted to live away from the centre of town.

3) Anne hasn't been able to cook proper meals because:

a) she hasn't unpacked the cooker
b) George is only now decorating the kitchen
c) the children have got in her way.

4) Anne and George:

a) have just got married
b) have been married for three years
c) have been married for a number of years.

5) Anne:

a) thinks that George has almost certainly finished painting the kitchen
b) thinks George had to finish painting the kitchen that day
c) had told George that he must finish painting the kitchen that day.

Answer the following questions:

1) What kind of text are we presented to?
2) Point out and analyze some "connectors" of the text?
3) Have you ever moved house? What can you remember of your experience?
4) What is a community?
5) What do you think society should do to try to solve the so called “Housing Problem?

Delivery Time ……………… Penalty ............................  Score ……………………..  Mark …….……………..


Uri Geller is said to have superhuman powers. Scientists, however, are still not able to decide whether he is a genius or a charlatan - or both. This article describes some of the experiments he agreed to do at the Stanford Research Institute.
Uri first did five tests of telepathy using either numbers or drawings. He was correct in four out of five tries. He then asked to be given some metal objects. Dr Puthoff took out a copper ring, a fork, and his silver chain, which Uri briefly touched. Dr Puthoff put his hand over these objects. Uri placed his hand over Dr Puthoff's hand. After Uri had concentrated for some 30 seconds on the objects, Dr Puthoff removed his hand. The copper ring had gone from a circle to an egg-shape. The scientists were all amazed.
Next came work in the laboratory. Uri's first test was with an instrument called a magnetometer, which measures the strength of magnetic fields. Uri concentrated hard on the instrument and finally the needle deflected, indicating that his mind had simulated the effect that a magnetic field would produce. The test was repeated many times and each time it was observed that Uri's mind had a visible effect on the needle. Nevertheless, he had to make an immense effort to simulate this “mental magnetic field”.
The next day an attempt was made to see if the change in shape of the metal ring could be recorded in some way. One of the scientists held a metal ring under water. Uri touched this ring with one finger. The entire procedure was recorded by sound waves which made a picture similar to an X-ray, showing the bones of the hands and the metal ring. This sound picture was then passed on to a television screen and videotaped.
While Un was concentrating it was noticed that the television picture and the videotape recording were affected. In addition, it was seen that the brass ring was being flattened by Uri's mind power. The experiment lasted for several hours and during this time the scientists working on the floor below Uri experienced considerable difficulty with their computers, one of which could not be used at all while he was concentrating.
The experiments went on for five weeks. Among the most interesting of the laboratory tests was one designed to show Uri Geller's power of “seeing” shapes and figures drawn by perfect strangers and placed in sealed envelopes. At no time during the experiment did Geller have any advance knowledge of the target material. He admitted that he could not get about one in five of the drawings, but he succeeded in reproducing 8o per cent of the drawings correctly. He would look at the envelope, which he did not touch, chat for several minutes and then draw his representation of it. Very often the sketch he made was identical in size to the drawing inside the envelope.
In another experiment a single dice was placed in a metal box and shaken. Geller was then asked to guess which number was showing on top of the dice. Out of ten tries he twice refused to guess. The other eight times he got the correct number. Statistically, this is a probability of about a million to one!
The conclusion of the Stanford Research Institute is that the experiments were well controlled and, although they should not be interpreted as proof of psychic functioning, they offer sufficient proof of the phenomena to deserve further study.
(From an article in the Daily Mail)

Multiple Choice

Read the passage carefully, then answer the following questions. Choose the response which best reflects the meaning of the text.

1) Uri Geller:
a) broke Dr Puthoff's ring.
b) turned the ring into an egg.
c) bent the ring in his hands.
d) changed the shape of the ring without touching it.

2) Uri Geller:
a) was able to measure the strength of magnetic fields.
b) was able to simulate a magnetic field without any difficulty.
c) was interested in testing the strength of the magnetometer.
d) had great difficulty in deflecting the needle of the magnetometer.

3) The scientists wanted to:
a) have tangible proof of the effects of Geller's “mind power”.
b) see if Geller could disturb the functioning of a computer.
c) take an X-ray of Geller's hand.
d) prove that Geller could not change the shape of metal without touching it.

4) Geller's reproductions of the drawings in the envelopes were:
a) identical in every way.
b) occasionally similar.
c) correct in shape but not in size.
d) correct in shape and often in size as well.

5) The experiment with the dice showed that Geller was:
a) good at guessing.
b) good at arithmetic.
c) gifted with unusual psychic powers.
d) a charlatan.

Answer the following questions:

1) What kind of text are we presented to?
2) Point out and analyze some "connectors" of the text?
4) What is your opinion about this kind of matters?
5) Describe briefly the eye: organ of sight.
6) What is the retina.

Delivery Time ……………… Penalty ............................  Score ……………………..  Mark …….……………..


When the first white men arrived in Samoa, they found blind men, who could see well enough to describe things in detail just by holding their hands over objects. In France just after the First World War, Jules Romain tested hundreds of blind people and found a few who could tell the difference between light and dark. He narrowed their photosensitivity down to areas on the nose or in the fingertips. In Italy the neurologist Cesare Lombroso discovered a blind girl who could "see" with the tip of her nose and the lobe of her left ear. When a bright light was shone unexpectedly on her, she winced. In 1956 a blind schoolboy in Scotland was taught to differentiate between coloured lights and learned to pick out bright objects several feet away. In 1960 a medical board examined a girl in Virginia and found that, even with thick bandages over her eyes, she was able to distinguish different colours and read short
sections of large print. The phenomenon is obviously not new, but it has reached new peak of sensitivity in a young woman from a mountain village in the Urals.
Rosa Kuleshova can see with her fingers. She is not blind, but because she grew up in a family of blind people, she learned to read Braille to help them and then went on to teach herself to do other things with her hands. In 1962 her physician took her to Moscow, where she was examinecl by the Soviet Academy of Science, and emerged a celebrity, certified as genuine. The neurologist Shaefer made an intensive study with her and found that, securely blindfolded with only her arms stuck through a screen, she could differentiate among three primary colours. To test the possibility that the cards reflected heat differently, he heated some and cooled others without affecting her response to them. He also found that she could read news print and sheets music under glass, so texture was giving her no clues. Tested by the psychologist Novomeisky, she was able to identify the colour and shape of patches of light projected on to her palm or on to a screen. In rigidly controlled tests, with a blindfold and a screen and a piece of card around her neck so wide that she could not see round it, Rosa read the small print in a newspaper with her elbow. And, in the most convincing demonstration of all, she repeated these things with someone standing behind her pressing hard on her eyeballs. Nobody can cheat under this pressure; it is even difficult to see clearly for minutes after it is released. (From Supernature by Lyall Watson)

Multiple Choice

Read the passage carefully, then answer the following questions. Choose the response which best reflects the meaning of the text.

1) The first white men to visit Samoa found men who

a) were not entirely blind.
b) described things by touching them.
c) could see with their hands.
d) could see when they held hands.

2) What is the main idea of the first paragraph?

a) Very few people have the sensitivity of the blind
b) Blind people can manage to see things, but only vaguely.
c) The eyes are not the only way of seeing.
d) It is possible to localize the photosensitive areas of the body.

3) Why did Shaefer put the paper under glass?

a) To make things as difficult as possible.
b) To stop the reflection of heat.
c) To prevent Rosa from feeling the print.
d) To stop her from cheating.

4) What was the most difficult test of her ability?

a) To read through glass, blindfolded.
b) To identify the colour and shape of light on a screen while securely blindfolded.
c) To carry out tasks with someone pressing on her eyeballs.
d) To work from behind a screen, blindfolded and with a card round her neck.

Answer the following questions:

1) What happened in 1960 and in 1956?
2) What kind of text are we presented to?
3) Point out and analyze some "connectors" of the text?
4) How many parts of the body can you identify in the text?
5) Describe briefly the eye: organ of sight.
6) What is the retina.

Delivery Time ……………… Penalty ............................  Score ……………………..  Mark …….……………..

Simulazione Esame di qualifica del terzo anno di una scuola professionale a.s.2008/2009 Prova di Inglese

Sir Alec Guinness is a famous British actor. In his autobiography, he tells the strange story of the night he met James Dean, a sensational new Hollywood film star.

In the autumn of 1955 I went to Hollywood to make a film. I arrived after a sixteen-hour journey from Copenhagen and was very tired. I went with a friend to a popular Italian restaurant but unfortunately it was full. As we walked back to the car, I heard someone call my name. I turned and saw a fair-haired young man in a sweatshirt and blue jeans. "Do you want a table?" he asked. "Please join me." The young man was James Dean.
We turned back and he said: "But first I'd like to show you something." In front of the restaurant there was a large, shiny silver sports car tied with a ribbon. There was a bunch of red roses on it. "I've just got it!" he said. "How fast does it go?" I asked. "About 150 miles an hour," he replied.
Suddenly I spoke in a voice that was strange to me: "Don't drive that car. If you do, you will be dead this time next week." James Dean just laughed. I apologised and said I was hungry and tired. We went into the restaurant and had a very enjoyable time. We said goodbye an hour later. We didn't say anything more about the sports car.
At four o'clock the next Friday afternoon, James Dean was dead. He crashed his new sports car on the way to a car rally and died instantly.

James Byron Dean (February 8, 1931 – September 30, 1955) was a two-time Oscar-nominated American film actor. Dean's status as a cultural icon is best embodied in the title of his most celebrated film, Rebel Without a Cause, in which he starred as troubled stereotypical high school rebel Jim Stark. The other two roles that defined his star power were as the awkward Cal Trask in East of Eden, and as the farmer Jett Rink in Giant. His enduring fame and popularity rests on only three films, his entire starring output.
His death at a young age helped guarantee a legendary status. He was the first actor to receive a posthumous Academy Award nomination for Best Actor and remains the only person to have two posthumous acting nominations (although other people had more than one posthumous nomination in other Oscar categories).

Are the following statements true (T) or false (F) ?

1) James Dean was born in 1955.
2) James Dean in his life took part only in three films.
3) James Dean received his first Academy Award in 1953.
4) James Dean died on a Friday afternoon.
5) James Dean was very fond of sports car.

Answer the following questions:

1) How long did Alec Guinness's journey to Hollywood take?
2) Where did he and his friend go to eat?
3) Where did they meet James Dean?
4) What did he show them?
5) What happened a week later?

Delivery Time ……………… Penalty ............................  Score ……………………..  Mark …….……………..

Simulazione Esame di qualifica del terzo anno di una scuola professionale  a.s.2008/2009 Prova di Inglese


The author of "Gulliver's Travels". Jonathan Swift, was an Irishman. He was famous for his bad temper.
He was always very severe with servants. He used to criticize them all the time and he never gave them more than a few pennies as a tip.
The story goes that one day a friend of Swift's sent him a large fish as a present.
The friend's servant already knew that Swift was always mean with his tips. So the servant walked into Swift's room with the fish, he just dropped it rudely on the table and said brusquely: "Here's a fish for you. My master has sent it."
Swift jumped up furiously from his writing-desk. He shouted: "Is that the way you behave? I've never seen such a bad servant in all my life!" "Here, sit down on this chair, " Swift added, "We'll change places. I'll be the servant and you'll be the master."
Swift took the fish, went to the door, and, returning to the table, placed the fish delicately on it, saying: "Sir, my master sends you his best wishes and begs you to accept this present from him." The servant looked at Swift and, without batting an eyelid said: "That's very kind of him. Thank you, my good man, here's half a crown for you!" Swift was silent for a moment. Then, as he recovered from the shock, he began laughing at the joke. At the end Swift gave a tip of half a crown to the servant.
He really learnt the lesson!

A: Tick true or false

1. Swift was very kind with servants T F
2. The author was American T F
3. A friend of Swift sent him a big fish as a present T F
4. Swift sat down on a chair T F
5. At the end the servant received a crown as a tip T F

score ......./20

B : Answer the following questions

1. Who was Swift and what famous book did he write? 2. What was he famous for?
3. Was he kind to servants? How do you know he wasn't generous?
4. What did Swift receive from a friend one day and who brought it? 5. What did the servant do with the fish?
6. What was Swift reaction and what were his words then? 7. Did Swift learn the lesson?
8. How much money did he give?

score ........./80


The sun was warming the brush house, breaking through its crevices in long streaks. And one of the streaks fell on the hanging box where Coyotito lay, and on the ropes that held it. It was a tiny movement that drew their eyes to the hanging box. Kino and Juana froze in their positions.
Down the rope that hung the baby's box from the roof support a scorpion moved slowly. His stinging tail was straight out behind him, but he could whip it up in a flash of time.
Kino's breath whistled in his nostrils and he opened his mouth to stop it. And then the startled look was gone from him and the rigidity from his body. In his mind a new song had come, the Song of Evil, the music of the enemy, of any foe of the family, a savage, secret, dangerous melody, and underneath, the Song of the Family cried plaintively.
The scorpion moved delicately down the rope towards the box. Under her breath Juana repeated an ancient magic to guard against such evil, and on top of that she muttered a Hail Mary between clenched teeth. But Kino was in motion. His body glided quietly across the room, noiselessly and smoothly. His hands were in front of him, palms down, and his eyes were on the scorpion. Beneath it in the hanging box Coyotito laughed and reached up his hand towards it. It sensed danger when Kino was almost within reach of it. It stopped, and its tail rose up over its back in little jerks and the curved thorn on the tail's end glistened.
Kino stood perfectly still. He could hear Juana whispering the old magic again, and he could hear the evil music of the enemy. He could not move until the scorpion moved, and it felt for the source of the death that was coming to it. Kino's hand went forward very slowly, very smoothly. The thorned tail jerked upright. And at that moment the laughing Coyotito shook the rope and the scorpion fell.
Kino 's hand leaped to catch it, but it fell past his fingers, fell on the baby's shoulder, landed and struck. Then, snarling, Kino had it, had it in his fingers, rubbing it to a paste in his hands. He threw it down and beat it into the earth floor with his fist, and Coyotito screamed with pain in his box. But Kino beat and stamped the enemy until it was only a fragment and a moist place in the dirt. His teeth were bared and fury flared in his eyes and the Song of the Enemy roared in his ears. But Juana had the baby in her arms now. She found the puncture with redness starting from it already. She put her lips down over the puncture and spat and sucked again while Coyotito screamed. Kino hovered; he was helpless, he was in the way.
The screams of the baby brought the neighbours. Out of their brush houses they poured - Kino's brother Juan Tomąs and his fat wife Apolonia and their four children crowded in the door and blocked the entrance, while behind them others tried to look in, and one small boy crawled among legs to have a look. And those in front passed the word back to those behind - "Scorpion. The baby has been stung."
Juana stopped sucking the puncture for a moment. The little hole was slightly enlarged and its edges whitened from the sucking, but the red swelling extended further around it in a hard lymphatic mound. And all of these people knew about the scorpion. An adult might be very ill from the sting, but a baby could easily die from the poison. First, they knew, would come swelling and fever and tightened throat, and then cramps in the stomach, and then Coyotito might die if enough of the poison had gone in. But the stinging pain of the bite was going away. Coyotito's screams turned to moans. Kino had wondered often at the iron in his patient, fragile wife. She, who was obedient and respectful and cheerful and patient, could arch her back in child pain with hardly a cry. She could stand fatigue and hunger almost better than Kino himself. In the canoe she was like a strong man. And now she did a most surprising thing. "The doctor, " she said. "Go to get the doctor. "

A. Imagine a situation where a baby or a young child is in serious danger. What can you see, hear and feel?
How can you help?

Breve risposta in lingua

I B. Write a short account of what happens in the extract.
2 B. What kind of people are Kino and his wife? What kind of lives do they seem to livo? (Support your
answer with evidence from the text)
3 B. a) What does the dramatic incident with the scorpion tell us about both Kino and Juanaa? Describe their
attitudes in front of danger.
b) Define Kino's feelings towards Juana.
4 B. What do you think the expressions "the Song of the Family" and "the Song of Evir refer to?


In this story, a group of English schoolboys have been dropped on a tropical island. Tley choose Ralph, rather than Jack, for their chief. One night, there is a battle in the sky above the island and a parachute carrying the body of a dead man is dragged to the top of the mountain. Some of the boys see it and believe it is an animal. They set out for the mountain in search of the "boast".
"Someone's got to go across the island and tell Piggy we'll be back after dark.' Bill spoke, unbelieving. "Through the forest by himself? Now?"
"We can't spare more than one. " Simon pushed his way to Ralph's elbow. "I'll go if you like. / don't mind, honestly."
Before Ralph had time to reply, he smiled quickly, turned and climbed into the forest. Ralph looked back at Jack seeing him, infuriatingly, for the first time. "Jack - that time you went the whole way to the castle rock." Jack glowered.
Yes?" "You came along part of this shore - below the mountain, beyond there." "Yes." "And then?" "I found a pig-run. It went for miles. "
Ralph nodded. He pointed at the forest. "So the pig-run must be somewhere in there." Everybody agreed, sagely.
"All right then. We'll smash a way through till we find the pig-run." He took a step and halted. "Wait a minute though! Where does the pig-run go to?" "The mountain,' said Jack, "I told you. " He sneered. "Don't you want to go to the mountain?" Ralph sighed, sensing the rising antagonism, understanding that this was how Jack felt as soon as he ceased to lead.
"I was thinking of the light. We'll be stumbling about. " "We were going to look for the beast -" "There won't be enough light."
"I don't mind going, " said Jack hotly. "I'll go when we get there. Won't you? Would you rather go back .o the shelters and tell Piggy?"
Now it was Ralph's turn to flush but he spoke despairingly, out of the new understanding that Piggy had liven him.
"Why do you hate me?"
The boys stirred uneasily, as though something indecent had been said. The silence lengthened. Ralph, still hot and hurt, turned away first.
"Come on." He led the way and set himself as by right to hack at the tangles. Jack brought up the rear, displaced and brooding.
The pig-track was a dark tunnel, for the sun was sliding quickly towards the edge of the world and in the forest shadows were never far to seek. The track was broad and beaten and they ran along at a swift trot. Then the roof of leaves broke up and they halted, breathing quickly, looking at the few stars that pricked round the head of the mountain.
"There you are. " The boys peered at each other doubtfully. Ralph made a decision. "We'll go straight across to the platform and climb tomorrow." They murmured agreement; but Jack was standing by his shoulder. "If you're frightened of course -"
Ralph turned on him. "Who went first on the castle rock?" "I went too. And that was daylight. " "All right. Who wants to climb the mountain now?" Silence was the only answer. "Samneric? What about you?" "We ought to go an' tell Piggy-" "- yes, tell Piggy that -"
"But Simon went!" "We ought to tell Piggy - in case - " "Robert? Bill?"
They were going straight back to the platform now. Not, of course, that they were afraid - but tired. Ralph turned back to Jack.
"You see?" "I'm going up the mountain."
The words came from Jack viciously, as though they were a curse. He looked at Ralph, his thin body tensed, his spear held as if he threatened him.
"I'm going up the mountain to look for the beast - now." Then the supreme sting, the casual, bitter word.
"Coming?" At that word the other boys forgot their urge to be gone and turned back to sample this fresh rub of two spirits in the dark. The word was too good, too bitter, too successfully daunting to be repeated. It took Ralph
at low water when his nerve was relaxed for the return to the shelter and the still, friendly waters of the lagoon. "I don't mind." Astonished, he heard his voice come out, cool and casual, so that the bitterness of Jack's taunt fell powerless.
"If you don't mind, of course." "Oh not at all!" Jack took a step. "Well then -" Side by side, watched by silent boys, the two started up the mountain.

I A. William Golding's "Lord of the Flies" shows us the darkness of man's heart. Destruction is everywhere,
all power corrupts. The boy's world is only a miniature version of the adult's. To what extent is this true
in your opinion?
Breve risposta in lingua

113. Who offers to go alone through the jungle to tell the others that the hunters will not be back yet? 2
B. Who eventually goes up the mountain?
3 B. What do Jack and Ralph argue about?
4 B. Pick out from the text the sentences indicating the rising antagonism between Jack and Ralph.
5 B. What information about Jack's and Ralph's contrasting personalities do we get from the text? (Justify
your answer with reference to the extract).


Class V° ....... Student .............................................................. Date ...............................


BETTY Hello, Jane. How lucky to run into you. Can you and Tom come to dinner tomorrow evening?
JANE I think so. I don't think we're going out.
BETTY I know it's rather short notice for you but we've just had a telegram from London. Bob's cousin, Lawrence, has just come back from South America. He's coming for the weekend and he's going to bring his wife. They'll be staying with us here for he time being until they find somewhere to live. They've only just got married so naturally we're looking
forward to meeting Carmen and we'd like to introduce them both to all our friends.
JANE That sounds exciting. But I've just remembered something. We're going to take the children to the zoo tomorrow. I'm sure they won't be satisfied unless we look at every animal and bird in the place. It's going to be difficult for us to get back in time for dinner.
BETTY Well, we're not going to have dinner until quite late, probably about eight o'clock. Lawrence and his wife are coming tomorrow afternoon and that will give them rather more time to get unpacked.
JANE I'm sure we'll be back by eight. Who else is coming?
BETTY I've just rung Alison, but she wasn't in. It's often rather difficult for her to get a baby-sitter. By the way, what are you going to do about the children tomorrow
JANE They'll be all right. Catherine, the girl next door, will be quite pleased to look after them if I ask her.
BETTY I hope you'll like the meal. I'm going to make a special rice dish with chili sauce. I've made it before from time to time but Carmen will probably know much more about it than I do. Still, I want them to feel at home
JANE What time shall we come, then?
BETTY The others are coming to the house about seven. Then we'll have time for a drink before dinner and everyone can get to know each other.
JANE We'll be looking forward to it. I expect we'll be on time. We'll be round about seven if we can manage it. I hope so, anyway.
BETTY See you tomorrow, then. Goodbye for now.


Which of the following statements is correct in the context of the passage?

(1) Bob is:
(a) Betty's cousin (b) Betty's husband (c) Jane's husband.
(2) Betty and her husband are looking forward to meeting Carmen because:
(a) she has just got married (b) they are wondering what Lawrence's wife is like (c) she is South American.
(3) Betty is going to have dinner at eight o'clock because:
(a) Jane and her family will not be back before then (b) people eat later in South America and she wants to make her guests feel at home (c) she wants to give Lawrence and Carmen an opportunity to get ready before they meet people.
(4) Alison:
(a) may not come to the dinner party because it is hard for her to find a baby-sitter (b) can't come to the dinner party because she can't find a baby-sitter (c) won't come to the party because she is out and won't be back in time.
(5) Jane and her husband will probably meet Lawrence and Carmen:
(a) at eight o'clock (b) before dinner (c) after dinner.

General Questions:

1) What is a kitchen brigade and where can we find it?
2) What are the main roles of a head chef and the duties of an under chef?
3) What does the acronym HACCP mean and what it is used for?
4) What are the seven steps to develop a HACCP plan?
5) Can you classify what are the main types of restaurants, with their food, clients and price range?
6) What is the origin of the term “Menu”, what are the main types of menus and what features should a good menu have?



Se devi ...
1. Esponi le tue idee in modo chiaro e preciso.
2. Non usare venti parole quando ne bastano cinque!

... fare il punto/spiegare il problema
crucial essential interesting
problem we are facing core of the problem question we have to tackle
point thing problem
is ...
is ...
... esprimere una condizione
if ...
Even if ... Unless... Otherwise ...
... on condition that ... ... as long as ...
... provided (that) .._
... motivare
In general ...
In most cases ...
One reason is ... Another is ... Firstly ... Secondly ...
... classificare
There are two kinds/sorts/types of ...
... can be divided into three groups
... introdurre un'avversativa
... comes in the first group
Still, ...
All the same, ... However, ...
On the other hand, ... It still remains that ...
... esprimere uno scopo
... mettere a confronto
... so that ...
... in order that ...
... for the purpose that ...
... (al)though ... ... even though ... ... despite ...
... while ... ... when ...
... whereas ...
... esprimere una causa
Because / since / for / as ... ... as a result of ... ... because of ... ... due to ...
... owing to ...
... esprimere una conseguenza
So ...
That is the reason why ... Consequently ... Therefore ... Hence ...
... riportare esempi
e.g.; for example ... ... such as ...
... esprimere la tua opinione
... concludere
Hence ...
Therefore ... Consequently ...
Whence I conclude that ...
To my mind ...
In my view / opinion / eyes ... As far as I am concerned ...
I consider / suppose / believe / think ... I agree with ...
I disagree with ...


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