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It has very ancient origins, the Cenoman Gauls being the first to set a colony and name the area after the Celtic word brig or briga - mountain, fortress. They became faithful allies of the Roman Empire and acquired Roman citizenship in the II century B.C. From 568 to 778 A.D. Brescia was one of the most powerful Lombard dukedoms, and in the Middle-Age it became a rich Medieval Common, until the Serenissima Republic of Venice conquered it in 1426. The Venetian rule lasted until 1797 and brought peace and wealth to the city, where the arts and crafts flourished.

Brescia is also known as the Lioness of Italy, for its brave 10 day rebellion against the Austrians in 1849. After the Italian unification, it became a prosperous and lively city. The historical and artistic heritage left by each period of time can be admired all over the city centre: the majestic Roman temple, the imposing Castle dominating the old centre, the medieval streets and towers, the Renaissance-style buildings and palaces, the two cathedrals and other important churches. The Santa Giulia City Museum, set in a beautiful Lombard monastery, runs through the whole history of the city and displays an astounding collection of objects and architectonical elements.

Brescia is cultivated and refined, with a high standard of living. The streets are always full with people who enjoy shopping, visiting cultural sites, attending the many events organised throughout the year, and tasting the delicious food & wine in typical trattorias.

In Brescia and province there are more than 1,060 hotels, 2,500 restaurants, 1,100 pizza-restaurants, 1,800 bars, 55 discotheques, 160 campings, 187 holiday farms.

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